The fluidized bed technology is widely spread across a […]
The fluidized bed technology is widely spread across a variety of industrial applications, such as drying, coating, agglomeration, combustion, etc. The general principle of fluidization is the formation of a fluid-like state.
Therefore, a bed of solid particles is penetrated by a gas stream (fluidization gas). Fluidization is achieved, when the drag forces of the gas flow on the particles are in equilibrium with the gravitational forces on the particles. In this state the mixture of particles and gas show fluid-like properties.
Fluidized bed dryers are commonly utilized in a wide range of industrial applications. In comparison to other drying principles the convective fluidized bed dryer has many advantages.
The fluidized state of the product results in good mixing of drying gas and the product. Thus higher rates of energy and mass transfer can be achieved, compared to contact dryers. This results in shorter drying time respectively larger amounts of dried product.
Furthermore, the highly homogenous fluidized bed allows drying at lower temperatures and avoids the building of hot spots in the product.
All these characteristics make fluidized bed dryers especially interesting for drying of temperature sensitive powders e.g. in the pharmaceutical and food industry.